Thursday, August 23, 2012

Tips for mains

Question is instructing you toWhat should you do?
DiscussGive both the positive and negative points(prelution and conclusion are must)
Describefocuss should be only on that particular subject matter(for ex: e-governance only)(prelution is must but conclusion is your optional)
Explainthe answer should be based on answering in detail Why, How, for what, of that subject of, we have to give all the important points.(prelution and conclusion are must)
Distinguishanswer should be based on How the suject of question differs from otherthings.(only prelution is must)
Differentiatethere should be detailed comparision and distinguishing(as said above) the subject of question with others.(only prelution is must)
Examinethe answer should consist of the how good, what disadvantages, what impact of the subject of question.
Enumeratefirst list out the all the relevant points, then explain one by one.(prelution and conclusion are must)
ReasonFind out what is the correct reason for the subject and explain one by one without side heading but highlighting the point with dots or numbers.(only prelution)
Analysetry to give your view with future impact and goods and bads.(both prelution and conclusion are must)

Break the Question in 3 parts

First step is break the question into its configuration parts.
For example, consider this question asked in General Studies (Mains) exam of 2004
"Discuss the e-governance in Indian context"
Let's start the process of breaking this question.
  1. Focus on  topic on e-governance (subject of question)
  2. How to do in the cotext of india(base of question)
  3. What to do  dicussing the positive and negative points of view(tool of question)

7 steps answer writing

  1. Find out the conclusive theme, when you read the question at first.
  2. Write shortly what is meant by e-governance(should be ideal/neutral)
  3. Directly go to the discussion neutrally.
  4. Try to begin with the positive points
  5. Give a negative point only after a positive point. This shows you to the evaluator that you are on the correct way of the answering the question and understood the question perfectly.
  6. Carefully keep the word limit
  7. At the end, give a finishing touch with the positive points. Why because, the evaluator provide marks only at the end of the answer, if you do so, it will make a good impression in the minds of the evaluator. Then we will get more and plus marks.
  8. Draw a conclusion in accordance with your answer. Do not give your suggestion but give the existing fact with currant context of India. Worth noting when handling a question(what you are asked to do)


Yojana and Kurukshetra: How to use them for UPSC preparation without wasting time?

Question from a reader
I use to read articles of Hindu, economic times daily and cover articles of yojna,kurukshetra within a month.How to prioritize this as they take much time and eats up time of the subjects.
  • You don't have to read Yojana or Kurukshetra line by line.
  • They've information on a few schemes, some suggestion for Development, [overrated] success stories of SHG and NGOs.
  • The exam oriented information in each month's issue, can be summerized in a note in barely 2 pages or even less, depending on your notes-making skill. [Most of the names,dates,numbers and data-tables given in the magazine, are useless from exam point of view.]
  • So, just scan through the pages, note down any useful fodder related to schemes and Development [which you can use in descriptive answers or essay] and then throw away the magazine in the store-room [or delete the pdf file from the harddisk].
  • This exercise should take less than two hours and two A4 sized pages, each month for each magazine of Yojana and Kurukshetra.
Regarding How to read newspapers,- read this article

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