Inclusive Development by using naturally available resources and it’s importance in the view of bifurcation of AP.
Growth may be higher in the last two decades but inclusive growth or equitable development has been missing. It is like running a train with engine only without connecting bogies and people to the engine. According to us, important elements of inclusive growth are : agricultural growth, employment generation and poverty reduction, social sector (health and education) and reduction in regional and other disparities. The average annual growth rate was 6.9% during 2002-07 and 7.8% during 2003-07. However, there are problems in the four elements of inclusive growth. Growth of agriculture particularly crop sector is very low. Employment growth in the post reform period (1993-94 to 2004-05) is the lowest in the country. The recent data shows that literacy levels are also low as compared to many other states. The National Family Health survey (NFHS III) indicate that A.P.'s rank for infant mortality is 11 out of 17 states in the year 2005-06.
Inclusive development need to go along with the growth of all the stake holders of the society, like women, children, senior citizens, physically disabled, and scheduled cast and tribes. only with the inclusive growth, there can be possibility for the sustainable growth.
In the event of bifurcation of AP, many political parties promising lots of free byes to the people and people are also looking for the parties which are giving them the monitory benefits rather than the long term plans.
Here the serious question is how long we have to depend on these short term benefits?
Is there any remedy for this? Can we live without the unsustainable policies of the politicians? Without any future planning?
Answer to all such questions is inclusive development by involving the stakeholders i.e. people themselves. There is a famous quote that “common property is nobodies property so it is everybodies property” that is we are irresponsible to the things that is happening around us. We are in a Trans that “what am I loosing” let them do corruptions “mera kya jara hai”
Such irresponsibility from the people end is making them losers.
Now due to the bifurcation, AP had to build the ne capital and there is a probability that govt will invest much of it’s income,grants etc in building the economy and there are less chances in effectively invest in new policies so, people need to take the responsibility of their on development, which will be more inclusive and sustainable than any other government policies for the development.
Here my point is to make use of available manpower in our villages and use the funds from central govt and state govt policies like MGNREGA, IAY,PMGSY,Rajiv Gandhi mission for watershed mgnt, etc. instead of thinking to make the quick money out of these schemes use them effectively in strengthening the economy of the village so that every one of the village will be benifitted.
First of all analyse the available resources with us. Any one can reply ith minimum effort that: land (individual and common land in the villages), local village forests, water (ponds, water tanks, watersheds etc.), and high of all man power (thanks to large population J).
One can use these minimum available resources to achieve development. Lets see some case studies, where only these resources created big difference. Most of the times small things makes big differences. Lets see how?
There are many success stories on these lines, ho made more inclusive and long sustaing development in their villages.
Case study 1:
Jhabua in Madhya Pradesh was one of the five most backard dist. In the country.there are more tribal population mostly bhils(kind of tribe) the people suffered due to poverty and high rate of resource degradation both forest and land.then they took up the watershed management program with the help of the fund by ministry of rural development and successfully implenmented watershed management program which went long way in preventing land degradation and improving soil quality, they linked land with watershed, which increased their food productivity by community participation. Now its situation is much better and quality of life increased in that dist.
Case Study 2:
In Petlaad block of Madhya Pradesh there is an interesting success case of govt-NGO-community participation made success of watershed management. Also people in some villages used the common property resources. Where each household planted and mainted one tree on the common property and they also have planted fodder grass on the pasture land and adopted social fencing of these lands for least 2 years not allowed open gazing on these lands but still feeding cattle and are now growing more cattle and producing more dairy products, with out fear of feeding their cattle.
Case study 3: It is Mr. Anna hazare who changed the face of Ralegan Siddi a small village in the Maharastra. That to with minimum help from the government. They turned their poverty and miserable conditions in to more prosperous sustainable improvement in to their quality of life. they used voluntary labour and socialised the cost of the projects, even those out side the village also contributed some money for the development of the village. they constructed water tank which will be used for the agricultural activities. Also young in the village formed one association and worked to ban the dowry system, caste discrimination, liquor distilling units were removed and prohibition imposed, used sustainable cropping patterns, built their own school building and no they are planning to buy more land in neighboring villages to increase their agricultural productivity.
Case 4: Young IAS officer Plex pal menon, also did the tremendous work in getting people out poverty with their own efforts in few villages of Chattisgarh with the help of MGNREGA and local community.
The common point in all the cases is the community involvement, that is direct involvement of the people, who used their natural resources available in their vicinity and with collective efforts to develop their villages there by own lives. In these types of the development every one in the village feels the responsibility and tries to protect their resources effectively.
So, there is no need to look for some one who can help you in our development. Look around ourselves gather like minded, youth and visionary leaders include all the stakeholders of the society, take responsibility for your society and work with them for solving the issues with the collective efforts that ill bring us the inclusive development. Offcourse with little help from govt and our leaders.