Saturday, July 2, 2016

Different Types of Vitamins and their Functions

Different Types of Vitamins and their Functions

Vitamins are nutrients for human body needs to function and fight off disease. Human body cannot produce vitamins itself, so we must get them through food you eat or in some cases supplements.
Vitamin was invented by Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins. The term vitamin was coined byCasimir Funk.
There are 13 vitamins that are essential to our body working well. Knowledge of the different types and understanding the purpose of these vitamins are important for good health.

Types and Examples of Foods

On the basis of solubility, there are two types of vitamins: fat-soluble vitamins and water-soluble vitamins.
A. Fat-soluble Vitamins are stored in your fat cells, consequently requiring fat in order to be absorbed.
The fat soluble vitamins: Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E & Vitamin K
B. Water-soluble Vitamins are not stored in your body; therefore, they need to be replenished daily. Your body takes what it needs from the food you eat and then excretes what is not needed as waste. Here is a list of vitamin types and some common food sources:
The water soluble vitamins: Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B5, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B7, Vitamin B9, Vitamin B12 and Vitamin C.
Chemical Name, Deficiency Disease and Sources of Vitamins

Chemical Name
Deficiency Disease
Vitamin ARetinolNight Blindness
Xerosis Conjunctiva
Xerosis Cornea
Bitot’s Spots
Milk, Egg, Cheese, Green Vegetable, Fish Liver Oil
Vitamin DCalciferolRickets (in Children)
Osteomalacia (in Adults)
Fish Liver Oil, Milk, Egg
Vitamin ETocopherolLess FertilityLeafy Vegetables, Milk, Butter, Vegetable Oil, Sprouted Wheat
Vitamin KPhylloquinoneNon-clotting of BloodGreen Vegetable, Tomato, Soybean Oil
Vitamin B1ThiaminBeriberiGreen Vegetables, Ground Nut, Seed, Liver, Pulses, Egg
Vitamin B2RiboflavinCracking of Skin
Red-dish Eye
Green Vegetables, Milk, Meat
Vitamin B3NiacinWhitening of HairSugarcane, Milk, Meat, Nut, Tomato
Vitamin B5Pantothenic AcidPellegraGround Nut, Potato, Tomato, Leafy Vegetables, Meat
Vitamin B6PyridoxineAnemia
Skin Disease
Grains, Liver, Meat
Vitamin B7BiotinParalysis
Hair Falling
Milk, Egg, Liver, Meat
Vitamin B9Folic Acid (Folate)AnemiaVegetables, Pulses, Liver, Egg
Vitamin B12CynocobalaminAnemia, JaundiceMilk, Meat
Vitamin CAscorbic AcidScurvyOrange, Lemon, Tomato, Chilly
Vitamins and their Functions

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